Don't Ignore the Iceberg: Timely Revelation of Justification in DSR

Jan Pries-Heje, Dirk S. Hovorka

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


    Design theory is often an outcome of Design Science Research (DSR) and kernel theories provide explanatory justification of design principles.
    But like an iceberg, many of the design principles lie hidden under the
    surface or inadequately specified. Ascertaining the completeness of the design
    principles requires additional design process steps to surface underlying assumptions and to abstract design principles which emerge during secondary
    design. We follow the development of a project management decision support
    artifact and describe the primary design, based on literature on agile systems
    development, and the subsequent secondary design that took place in a financial company. Analysis reveals an “iceberg phenomenon”; only a partial design justification was initially apparent, and underlying design assumptions are only revealed through deeper reflection and analysis. We conclude by providing guidelines for making design justification more explicit in both the design and the evaluation phases.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDesign science at the intersection of physical and virtual design : 8th International Conference, DESRIST 2013, Helsinki, Finland, June 11-12, 2013. Proceedings
    EditorsJan vom Brocke
    Place of PublicationBerlin, New York
    Publication date2013
    ISBN (Print)978-3-642-38826-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    SeriesLecture Notes in Computer Science

    Cite this