Danish municipalities support to the cultivation and consumption of legumes through public procurement strategies

Rikke Lybæk*, Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearch


This paper will, with point of departure in the situation in Denmark, investigate how to speed up the use of grain legumes within the municipal food basket, applying the theoretical approach of municipalities being ‘consumers’, ‘regulators’ and ‘facilitators’. Through public procurement strategies (‘regulator’), Danish municipalities have previously for example
requested the use of organic food produce within municipal kitchens (kindergartens, elder people’s homes, etc.), and hereby been an important user and pull-market (‘consumer’) agent for an increase in organic food produce. Grain legumes like fababeans, lentils, peas and chickpeas have traditionally been a part of our diet, as being a healthy inexpensive source of protein, substituting for example meat produce, while playing an important role in
the traditional crop rotation systems providing Eco System Services (ESS). Within the EU, political focus is currently on the cultivation of grain legumes for both animal fodder and human food, with the purpose of substituting imports of soy for livestock feed and increasing direct human food plant protein consumption. Various organizations are engaged in this transition including grain legume suppliers, retail markets and citizens. Presently, the market for domesticated grain legumes is developing fast. Through the theoretical lens described above - combined with case study analysis of four Danish municipalities, as well as a chickpea producer and a legume retailer both seeking a market entry - we will analyze how Danish municipalities can be important actors in developing a market for gain legumes. We find that especially larger Danish municipalities are very active within the area, having
developed politically decided municipal food and meal strategies that includes grain legumes, where some even require supply of locally produced grain legumes. Others again, are merely starting up emphasizing grain legumes in their municipal food supply, but have on the other hand, supported (‘facilitated’) business cooperation between a grain legume producer and retailer within the local community. Thus, the analysis reveals the current patterns of support from municipalities, provided by the cases, but also reflect on the future not yet harvested support mechanisms.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 20th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production
EditorsHans Schnitzer, Sibylle Braunegs
Place of PublicationØstrig
PublisherVerlag der Technischen Universität Graz
Publication date1 Sep 2021
ISBN (Print)978-3-85125-842-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021
Event20th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production: Production, Consumption and Resilience in a +1,5 degrees World - Østrig, Graz
Duration: 8 Sep 202110 Sep 2021
Conference number: 20


Conference20th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production
OtherThe goal of reducing global warming to +1.5°C requires us to reduce not only the greenhouse gas emissions caused by our direct activities (heating, cooling, mobility, electricity production, etc.), but also the emissions that have already been generated outside the usual limits of consideration through our consumption – as it were, stuck in the products. This “emission backpack” contained in the products is almost as large as the direct emissions.<br/><br/>While many countries, regions and cities have developed strategies to reduce local emissions, there is often no plan to reduce the emissions contained in the purchased products. erscp21 will consider both aspects: the possibilities to reduce the emission of climate-relevant gases during production as well as to reduce upstream emissions by changing consumer behavior. It will be essential that cities – where already more than half of the world’s population lives – and economic sectors reduce emissions, adapt to climate change, and take resilience measures. Changing consumption behavior will be an important issue in building a closed cycle economy, especially urban closed cycles including the forced utilization of local resources.<br/><br/>For many of us, it is difficult to imagine how cities and societies will function from an economic and social point of view once the +1.5° target is reached. What do cities look like, what is their relationship with their surroundings? What and how much will we work and how will we move? Which industries will gain in importance, which will lose? What will we eat, what will we produce? And how will this affect air, sea and land traffic.<br/><br/>People are also hardly aware of the many benefits that can result from a significant reduction in emissions in cities. These benefits include not only better health through cleaner air and greater safety with soft mobility but also more livable urban spaces.<br/><br/>erscp21 covers a number of UN Sustainable Development Goals. Goal 12 “Responsible Consumption and Production” meets the core target of the conference. But many other issues are in the focus as well, like SDG 4 “Quality of Education”, SDG 6 “Clean Water and Sanitation”, SDG 7 “Affordable and Cleaner Energy”, SDG 9 “Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure”, SDG 11 “Sustainable Cities and Communities” and SDG 13 “Climate Action”.<br/><br/>
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Bibliographical note

NB: i indholdsfortegnelsen har artiklen titlen "How can Danish municipalities support the cultivation and consumption of legumes through public procurement strate-


  • Agriculture
  • case study
  • legumes
  • municipalities
  • public procurement

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