Coupling between Molecular Mobility and Kinetics of Crystal Growth in a Hydrogen-Bonded Liquid

Alejandro Sanz, Kristine Niss

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Our aim here is to gain new insight into the nature of the crystalline phase formed in supercooled glycerol near the glass transition temperature and to
establish the interrelationship between the kinetics of crystal growth and
fundamental dynamic properties. The liquid’s dynamics and the crystalline
development in glycerol, a hydrogen-bonded liquid, is studied by means of
dielectric spectroscopy. We monitored the kinetics of crystallization by isothermal
treatment at temperatures between 220 and 240 K (Tg = 185 K). Given the thermal protocol employed, we stimulated the growth of the crystalline phase from preexisting nuclei, in such a way that the observed kinetics is dominated by the crystal growth step. Our experimental results are discussed in terms of the classical theory of crystallization which predicts a significant correlation between the liquid’s diffusion and the crystal growth rate. The coupling between dynamic properties, such as dielectric α relaxation time, viscosity, and self-diffusion coefficient, and the characteristic crystal growth time is analyzed.
We find that the crystal growth time scales with the glycerol’s self-diffusion coefficient as taucryst ∝ D−0.85, confirming that the liquid’s dynamics is the principal factor governing the crystal growth in glycerol above but close Tg.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCrystal Growth & Design
Volume17
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)4628-4636
Number of pages9
ISSN1528-7483
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2017

Bibliographical note

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