Counting carbon

contextualization or harmonization in municipal GHG accounting

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The article contains an analysis of GHG accounting methodologies applied by local governments in Denmark. Eight Danish methodologies have been identified, a Danish best practice distinguished and assessed based on the criteria for good practice in GHG accounting: Relevance, comparability, transparency, completeness, consistency and accuracy. In doing so a number of key concepts are defined and compared, and the relative relevance of the different criteria has been discussed. We observe a high degree of convergence among the Danish approaches in the application of data sources, quantification approaches and scope, identifying data availability as the key barrier for improving the specificity and dynamicity of local GHG accounts, and with it the accuracy and ability to monitor changes in emissions. In furthering an international best practice the Danish approach indicates that an adaptive approach to methodology harmonization may be feasible, especially if driven by the development and promotion of improved methodologies and data sources for sectors in which current approaches are inadequate and by regional cooperation improving accuracy, completeness, consistency and comparability while driving down cost by economies of scale.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCarbon Management
Issue number3-4
Pages (from-to)191-203
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Note from the Publisher regarding the attached Open Access document: “This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Carbon Management on 22 Aug 2016, available online:”


  • Greenhouse gas inventory
  • mitigation
  • best practice
  • monitoring
  • municipalities

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