Connecting vocational education with work based learning in the Nordic Countries

Christian Helms Jørgensen, Anna Hagen Tønder

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearch


This paper examines how the different systems of vocational education and training (VET-systems) in four Nordic countries connect to the labour market and how they provide access to employment and work-based learning for the students. The VET-system at upper secondary level includes youth as well as young adults. The aim of the paper is to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the four VET-systems on this issue. The paper is structured in four parts. First it out-lines the theoretical approach, and secondly it examines the connections to the labour market of each of the Nordic VET-system and how they have developed. Next, the role of employment protection is examined and some recent initiatives to connect upper secondary VET closer to the labour market are presented. A special interest is taken in attempts to revive and strengthen apprenticeship programmes. The conclusion summarises the strengths and weaknesses in the ways the four Nordic VET-systems connect to the labour market.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date11 Sep 2016
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2016
EventESREA2016 European Society of Research on the Education of Adults Triennial Conference - Maynooth University, Ireland, ​Maynooth , Ireland
Duration: 8 Sep 201611 Sep 2016


ConferenceESREA2016 European Society of Research on the Education of Adults Triennial Conference
Location Maynooth University, Ireland
Internet address

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