Co-creation: the new kid on the block in public governance

Jacob Torfing, Christopher Ansell

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This article has three objectives. The first is to show that while co-production was originally tied to service production, co-creation has broader applications in the field of public governance and involves a broader range of actors and activities. The second objective is to demonstrate how the co-creation concept both builds on and extends the concept of collaborative governance, thus adding new dimensions to an already well-established literature. The final objective is to show how a strategic turn to co-creation introduces a new type of ‘generative governance’ aimed at solving complex problems by constructing platforms enabling the formation of arenas for co-creation that bring together a plethora of public and private actors, including citizens, in creative problem-solving processes. The three objectives are achieved through prospective theoretical analysis aimed at providing a conceptual foundation for analysing cutting-edge societal developments that are not yet commonplace.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPolicy and Politics
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • problem solving
  • theoretical analysis
  • collaborative governance
  • Public governance

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