Classification of debris flow phenomena in the Faroe Islands

Mads-Peter Jakob Dahl, Lis E. Mortensen, Niels H. Jensen, Anita Veihe, Maja de Neergaard

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Landslides and debris flow phenomena in particular constitute a threat to human activities in the Faroe Islands. As a contribution to ongoing landslide risk management research, this paper proposes a classification scheme for debris flow phenomena in the Faroe Islands. The scheme, produced through a multidisciplinary study involving geomorphological fieldwork and qualitative collection of indigenous landslide knowledge, presents physical characteristics to classify debris flow phenomena into groups named with Faroese terms. The following landslide definitions are proposed. Brekku-skriðulop (English translation: hillslope debris flow): a very rapid to extremely rapid non-channelised downslope movement of remoulded colluvium and eventually fragmented rock, initiated as a debris slide in colluvial soil (type 1) or from rock fall (type 2). Áar-skriðulop (English translation: channelised debris flow): a very rapid to extremely rapid channelised downslope movement of remoulded colluvium and/or talus/fluvial material and eventually fragmented rock, initiated as a debris slide in colluvial soil (type 1), from rock fall (type 2) or from mobilisation of talus/fluvial material (type 3). The scheme, which is compatible with international landslide classification systems, significantly increases the knowledge of debris flow phenomena and promotes a consistent terminology of these within the Faroe Islands.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGeografisk Tidsskrift
Volume112
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)27-39
Number of pages13
ISSN0016-7223
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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