The appearance of phrenology in Copenhagen in the beginning of the 19th century is a fascinating story because it involved many prominent figures in medical, scientific, and intellectual circles. The physician and phrenologist Carl Otto (1795-1879) constitutes the very pivot of this story by virtue of his energetic appearance and great endurance in favour of phrenology in the 1820s. Several factors shaped the reception of phrenology in Copenhagen such as the general positivistic turn of both science and medicine from the 1820s onwards and the philosophical an intellectual climate at the time in terms of Romanticism inspired from German Naturphilosophie. Generally, the Romantics, i.e. the powerful intellectual elite in Copenhagen, were philosophically biased against phrenology, while primarily people disagreeing with the philosophical values of Romanticism were inclined to endorse phrenology. However, there are also important exceptions to this generalisation as revealed from the present paper.
|Journal||Bibliotek for læger|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
- phrenology:history of science
- history of medicine