This article presents a theory of communicative planning in which citizens' power is conceived of as a resource in long-term planning as opposed to the short-term interests of investors in public planning. Its point of departure is the presentation of three planning paradigms - traditional synoptic, incremental and participatory planning. There is also a critical discussion of different theories of the latter paradigm. The article argues that planning authorities often regard public participation as a problem rather than a potential. The article dismisses this conception and a) conceptualizes planning on the basis of Habermas' theory of communicative action and power, b) shows that the participation of citizens is necessary to secure the inclusion of ethical and aesthetic rationalities in the planning process, c) shows how citizens may constitute a counter power to short-term investor interests in planning by d) strengthening the respect for long-term solutions and the common good. In this way, communicative planning is an alternative position on power. This becomes a structural necessity when it comes to securing sustainability and democratic justice in planning. With this in mind, the article conceptualizes the difference between planning and politics, and shows why power should be thought of differently in the two, since in the former, power is constituted in the actual process, not given in advance. This makes it possible for citizens to influence the planning process in a much more direct way.
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2016|