Beyond clannishness and colonialism: understanding political disorder in Ethiopia’s Somali Region,1991-2004

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Abstract

This article proposes an alternative interpretation of political disorder in
Ethiopia’s Somali Regional State since the rise to power of the Ethiopian People’s
Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in 1991. Some observers have perceived
contemporary politics in the former Ogaden as an example of ‘internal
colonisation ’ by highland Ethiopians. Others attribute political instability to the
‘nomadic culture ’ inherent in the Somali clan structure and the ineptness of its
political leaders. This study argues that neither of these two politicised narratives
grasps the contradictory interactions between the federal Ethiopian government
and its Somali periphery, nor the recursive relations between state and society.
With reference to the literature on neo-patrimonialism, I elucidate political
disorder in the Somali Region by empirically describing hybrid political domination, institutional instability, and patronage relations, showing how neo-patrimonial rule translates into contested statehood in the region and political devices ranging from military coercion to subtle co-optation. Rather than unilateral domination, a complex web of power and manipulation between parts of the federal and regional authorities animates political disorder in Ethiopia’s
Somali Region.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Modern African Studies
Volume43
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)509-536
ISSN0022-278X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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