Beyond ‘Africa rising’: Development policies and domestic market formation in Zambia

Søren Jeppesen*, Peter Kragelund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The ‘Africa rising’ narrative sparked a lively discussion of the powers of orthodox economic policies to ensure good economic governance and attract private investments to further stimulate economic growth. The 2014 commodity bust and the Covid-19 pandemic effectively ended this discussion and triggered a critical examination of the fundamentals of the narrative. This study investigates how orthodox economic policies have affected the strive for structural transformation in a resource-rich economy like Zambia. It argues that there is a mismatch between the mostly orthodox policies that have driven policy formulation and the needs of the domestic private sector. Therefore, it makes a case for setting domestic market formation as a guiding principle for future economic policies, specifically by focusing industrial policy on business climate, rather than investment climate, and by focusing on capacity building, upgrading, and growth in consumer and inter-sectoral demand, rather than only liberalisation and good economic governance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalForum for Development Studies
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)593-612
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Important note from the publisher regarding the attached version of the article: “This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Forum for Development Studies. Søren Jeppesen & Peter Kragelund (2021) Beyond ‘Africa rising’: Development Policies and Domestic Market Formation in Zambia, Forum for Development Studies, 48:3, 593-612, DOI: 10.1080/08039410.2021.1998215. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.”


  • Africa rising
  • domestic market formation
  • industrial policy
  • private sector
  • zambia

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