Area-based initiatives - Engines of planning and policy innovation?

Annika Agger, Jacob Norvig Larsen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearch

Abstract

Area-based initiatives addressing issues of physical degradation, social exclusion, economic deprivation and lack of cohesion in urban regeneration areas have been promoted widely across Europe in the past two or three decades. Following this many evaluation studies have been completed. Nevertheless, there is still considerable uncertainty as to the most important outcomes of place-based initiatives. Evaluations have mostly focussed on direct quantitative socio-economic indicators. These have often been quite insignificant, while other effects have been largely neglected. This paper proposes a broader perspective on the achievements and outcomes of place-based initiatives. Many of these have functioned as important experimental seedbeds in which innovations in urban policy and organization of public decision-making have been tested. The papers seeks to clarify whether, in the long run, change and development in planning culture turns out to be a more substantial result than the reduction of social exclusion and economic deprivation.
The paper analyses all available official evaluation studies of Danish place-based urban policy initiatives from mid-1990s through 2010. In addition to this, recent studies of local planning culture change are discussed. Main findings are that during the past two decades a general change in planning culture has developed gradually, triggered by urban regeneration full scale experimentation with place-based approaches. Second, planners as well as public administrators attitude towards the involvement of local citizens and stakeholders is significantly transformed. While earlier, public participation in planning was mostly restricted to what was lawfully mandatory, the new turn in planning culture demonstrates a practice that goes much further in involving citizens in planning processes more and earlier. A renewed view of place-based urban regeneration policies shows that while linear effects following directly from policy programmes and instruments may be moderate, feed-back effects into planning culture produces significant process innovations.

Original languageEnglish
Publication date23 Jun 2011
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2011
EventEuropean Urban Research Association Conference 2011 - The City without Limits - København, Denmark
Duration: 23 Jun 201125 Jun 2011
http://eura2011.org/

Conference

ConferenceEuropean Urban Research Association Conference 2011 - The City without Limits
CountryDenmark
CityKøbenhavn
Period23/06/201125/06/2011
Internet address

Cite this

Agger, A., & Norvig Larsen, J. (2011). Area-based initiatives - Engines of planning and policy innovation?. Paper presented at European Urban Research Association Conference 2011 - The City without Limits, København, Denmark.
Agger, Annika ; Norvig Larsen, Jacob . / Area-based initiatives - Engines of planning and policy innovation?. Paper presented at European Urban Research Association Conference 2011 - The City without Limits, København, Denmark.12 p.
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Agger, A & Norvig Larsen, J 2011, 'Area-based initiatives - Engines of planning and policy innovation?' Paper presented at, København, Denmark, 23/06/2011 - 25/06/2011, .

Area-based initiatives - Engines of planning and policy innovation? / Agger, Annika; Norvig Larsen, Jacob .

2011. Paper presented at European Urban Research Association Conference 2011 - The City without Limits, København, Denmark.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearch

TY - CONF

T1 - Area-based initiatives - Engines of planning and policy innovation?

AU - Agger, Annika

AU - Norvig Larsen, Jacob

PY - 2011/6/23

Y1 - 2011/6/23

N2 - Area-based initiatives addressing issues of physical degradation, social exclusion, economic deprivation and lack of cohesion in urban regeneration areas have been promoted widely across Europe in the past two or three decades. Following this many evaluation studies have been completed. Nevertheless, there is still considerable uncertainty as to the most important outcomes of place-based initiatives. Evaluations have mostly focussed on direct quantitative socio-economic indicators. These have often been quite insignificant, while other effects have been largely neglected. This paper proposes a broader perspective on the achievements and outcomes of place-based initiatives. Many of these have functioned as important experimental seedbeds in which innovations in urban policy and organization of public decision-making have been tested. The papers seeks to clarify whether, in the long run, change and development in planning culture turns out to be a more substantial result than the reduction of social exclusion and economic deprivation. The paper analyses all available official evaluation studies of Danish place-based urban policy initiatives from mid-1990s through 2010. In addition to this, recent studies of local planning culture change are discussed. Main findings are that during the past two decades a general change in planning culture has developed gradually, triggered by urban regeneration full scale experimentation with place-based approaches. Second, planners as well as public administrators attitude towards the involvement of local citizens and stakeholders is significantly transformed. While earlier, public participation in planning was mostly restricted to what was lawfully mandatory, the new turn in planning culture demonstrates a practice that goes much further in involving citizens in planning processes more and earlier. A renewed view of place-based urban regeneration policies shows that while linear effects following directly from policy programmes and instruments may be moderate, feed-back effects into planning culture produces significant process innovations.

AB - Area-based initiatives addressing issues of physical degradation, social exclusion, economic deprivation and lack of cohesion in urban regeneration areas have been promoted widely across Europe in the past two or three decades. Following this many evaluation studies have been completed. Nevertheless, there is still considerable uncertainty as to the most important outcomes of place-based initiatives. Evaluations have mostly focussed on direct quantitative socio-economic indicators. These have often been quite insignificant, while other effects have been largely neglected. This paper proposes a broader perspective on the achievements and outcomes of place-based initiatives. Many of these have functioned as important experimental seedbeds in which innovations in urban policy and organization of public decision-making have been tested. The papers seeks to clarify whether, in the long run, change and development in planning culture turns out to be a more substantial result than the reduction of social exclusion and economic deprivation. The paper analyses all available official evaluation studies of Danish place-based urban policy initiatives from mid-1990s through 2010. In addition to this, recent studies of local planning culture change are discussed. Main findings are that during the past two decades a general change in planning culture has developed gradually, triggered by urban regeneration full scale experimentation with place-based approaches. Second, planners as well as public administrators attitude towards the involvement of local citizens and stakeholders is significantly transformed. While earlier, public participation in planning was mostly restricted to what was lawfully mandatory, the new turn in planning culture demonstrates a practice that goes much further in involving citizens in planning processes more and earlier. A renewed view of place-based urban regeneration policies shows that while linear effects following directly from policy programmes and instruments may be moderate, feed-back effects into planning culture produces significant process innovations.

KW - urban policy

KW - Area-based initiatives

KW - urban regeneration

KW - planning culture

KW - citizen involvement

KW - participation

M3 - Paper

ER -

Agger A, Norvig Larsen J. Area-based initiatives - Engines of planning and policy innovation?. 2011. Paper presented at European Urban Research Association Conference 2011 - The City without Limits, København, Denmark.