Amyloid $42 peptide is toxic to non-neural cells in Drosophila yielding a characteristic metabolite profile and the effect can be suppressed by PI3K

Mercedes Arnés, Sergio Casas-Tintó, A. Malmendal, A. Ferrús

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textcopyright 2017, Company of Biologists Ltd. All rights reserved. The human A$42 peptide is associated with Alzheimer's disease through its deleterious effects in neurons. Expressing the human peptide in adult Drosophila in a tissue- and time-controlled manner, we show that A$42 is also toxic in non-neural cells, neurosecretory and epithelial cell types in particular. This form of toxicity includes the aberrant signaling by Wingless morphogen leading to the eventual activation of Caspase 3. Preventing Caspase 3 activation by means of p53 keeps epithelial cells from elimination but maintains the A$42 toxicity yielding more severe deleterious effects to the organism. Metabolic profiling by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of adult flies at selected ages post A$42 expression onset reveals characteristic changes in metabolites as early markers of the pathological process. All morphological and most metabolic features of A$42 toxicity can be suppressed by the joint overexpression of PI3K.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiology Open
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

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