Abundance of microplastics in the gastrointestinal tracts of the eelpout (Zoacres viviparous L.) collected in Roskilde Fjord, Denmark

Implications for use as a monitoring species under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

There is an increasing demand for protocols for the monitoring of marine microplastic (MP) pollution following the adoption of Descriptor 10.1.3 of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Most monitoring efforts have focused on surface water samples but MP content in biota (typically seabirds and various fish species) have been documented and used in monitoring programs. In order to establish more comprehensive monitoring programs it is necessary to identify a suit of methods and species that can be systematically used to assess MP pollution in different environmental compartments. The present study had a two aims: (1) to assess the content of MPs in the viviparous blenny Zoarces viviparus (eelpout) sampled in Roskilde Fjord, Denmark, and (2) evaluate whether the eelpout could serve as a relevant indicator organism for MP pollution in relation to monitoring under the MSFD. MPs were found in eelpout from all three stations sampled demonstrating that MPs are ubiquitously present in Roskilde Fjord. The frequency of occurrence (FO%) of MPs in collected eelpout was relatively low (FO% =10.1%) compared to fish species sampled in other locations, which could indicate that eelpout may not be a favorable species for MP biomonitoring, possibly due to its benthic feeding mode. More data is however needed and it is recommended that samples collected for other monitoring purposes are examined for MPs in the coming years together with water and sediment samples collected simultaneously to determine the environment/biota MP ratio for eelpouts.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100900
JournalRegional Studies in Marine Science
Volume32
ISSN2352-4855
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

@article{6cbd4be8b2ee45cea902f4980d384bf4,
title = "Abundance of microplastics in the gastrointestinal tracts of the eelpout (Zoacres viviparous L.) collected in Roskilde Fjord, Denmark: Implications for use as a monitoring species under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive",
abstract = "There is an increasing demand for protocols for the monitoring of marine microplastic (MP) pollution following the adoption of Descriptor 10.1.3 of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Most monitoring efforts have focused on surface water samples but MP content in biota (typically seabirds and various fish species) have been documented and used in monitoring programs. In order to establish more comprehensive monitoring programs it is necessary to identify a suit of methods and species that can be systematically used to assess MP pollution in different environmental compartments. The present study had a two aims: (1) to assess the content of MPs in the viviparous blenny Zoarces viviparus (eelpout) sampled in Roskilde Fjord, Denmark, and (2) evaluate whether the eelpout could serve as a relevant indicator organism for MP pollution in relation to monitoring under the MSFD. MPs were found in eelpout from all three stations sampled demonstrating that MPs are ubiquitously present in Roskilde Fjord. The frequency of occurrence (FO{\%}) of MPs in collected eelpout was relatively low (FO{\%} =10.1{\%}) compared to fish species sampled in other locations, which could indicate that eelpout may not be a favorable species for MP biomonitoring, possibly due to its benthic feeding mode. More data is however needed and it is recommended that samples collected for other monitoring purposes are examined for MPs in the coming years together with water and sediment samples collected simultaneously to determine the environment/biota MP ratio for eelpouts.",
author = "Mark Verlaan and Banta, {Gary Thomas} and Farhan Khan and Kristian Syberg",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.rsma.2019.100900",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
journal = "Regional Studies in Marine Science",
issn = "2352-4855",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Abundance of microplastics in the gastrointestinal tracts of the eelpout (Zoacres viviparous L.) collected in Roskilde Fjord, Denmark

T2 - Implications for use as a monitoring species under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive

AU - Verlaan, Mark

AU - Banta, Gary Thomas

AU - Khan, Farhan

AU - Syberg, Kristian

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - There is an increasing demand for protocols for the monitoring of marine microplastic (MP) pollution following the adoption of Descriptor 10.1.3 of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Most monitoring efforts have focused on surface water samples but MP content in biota (typically seabirds and various fish species) have been documented and used in monitoring programs. In order to establish more comprehensive monitoring programs it is necessary to identify a suit of methods and species that can be systematically used to assess MP pollution in different environmental compartments. The present study had a two aims: (1) to assess the content of MPs in the viviparous blenny Zoarces viviparus (eelpout) sampled in Roskilde Fjord, Denmark, and (2) evaluate whether the eelpout could serve as a relevant indicator organism for MP pollution in relation to monitoring under the MSFD. MPs were found in eelpout from all three stations sampled demonstrating that MPs are ubiquitously present in Roskilde Fjord. The frequency of occurrence (FO%) of MPs in collected eelpout was relatively low (FO% =10.1%) compared to fish species sampled in other locations, which could indicate that eelpout may not be a favorable species for MP biomonitoring, possibly due to its benthic feeding mode. More data is however needed and it is recommended that samples collected for other monitoring purposes are examined for MPs in the coming years together with water and sediment samples collected simultaneously to determine the environment/biota MP ratio for eelpouts.

AB - There is an increasing demand for protocols for the monitoring of marine microplastic (MP) pollution following the adoption of Descriptor 10.1.3 of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Most monitoring efforts have focused on surface water samples but MP content in biota (typically seabirds and various fish species) have been documented and used in monitoring programs. In order to establish more comprehensive monitoring programs it is necessary to identify a suit of methods and species that can be systematically used to assess MP pollution in different environmental compartments. The present study had a two aims: (1) to assess the content of MPs in the viviparous blenny Zoarces viviparus (eelpout) sampled in Roskilde Fjord, Denmark, and (2) evaluate whether the eelpout could serve as a relevant indicator organism for MP pollution in relation to monitoring under the MSFD. MPs were found in eelpout from all three stations sampled demonstrating that MPs are ubiquitously present in Roskilde Fjord. The frequency of occurrence (FO%) of MPs in collected eelpout was relatively low (FO% =10.1%) compared to fish species sampled in other locations, which could indicate that eelpout may not be a favorable species for MP biomonitoring, possibly due to its benthic feeding mode. More data is however needed and it is recommended that samples collected for other monitoring purposes are examined for MPs in the coming years together with water and sediment samples collected simultaneously to determine the environment/biota MP ratio for eelpouts.

U2 - 10.1016/j.rsma.2019.100900

DO - 10.1016/j.rsma.2019.100900

M3 - Journal article

VL - 32

JO - Regional Studies in Marine Science

JF - Regional Studies in Marine Science

SN - 2352-4855

M1 - 100900

ER -