Abbacus School

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Abstract

The abbacus school was a school for artisans’ and merchants’ sons, functioning in northern Italy (thirteenth to sixteenth century). It taught the use of Hindu-Arabic numerals and fundamental commercial arithmetic: the rule of three, monetary and metrological conversions, simple and composite interest, partnership, simple and composite discounting, alloying, the technique of a “single false position,” and, finally, simple area calculation. Topics like the double false position were not part of the curriculum, but they are often dealt with in the abbacus treatises; they probably served to show virtuosity in the competition for employment and pupils.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy
EditorsMarco Sgarbi
Number of pages6
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Publication date2018
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-02848-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this

Høyrup, J. (2018). Abbacus School. In M. Sgarbi (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4