Biomass and bioenergy production in organic agriculture – consequences for soil fertility, environment, spread of animal parasites and socio-economy

Project: Research

Project Details


The production of bioenergy from local biological resources and the maintenance of soil fertility seem to have been opposing aims in organic agriculture (OA). It is however, important to reduce the reliance on fossil fuels and decrease greenhouse gas emissions in OA, especially in the context of enhanced integrity of OA. This interdisciplinary project aims at developing new methods and processes for co-production of bio-ethanol, biogas and animal feed based on resources from OA and associated food processing and suggests the outline of a medium-sized plant for co-production of biogas, bioethanol, and animal feed. The project will also design and test a new cropping system for biomass production to be used for bioenergy, while at the same time safeguarding soil quality.
Special emphasis is towards the use of strip intercropping in OA. It is defined as the practice of producing two or more crops in strips wide enough that each can be managed independently, yet narrow enough that the strip components can interact. The hypothesis is that the interactions (physical, bio-logical, ecological, management) between components of a system with greater spatial diversity will enhance biomass yield, resource use while decreasing the emissions of GHG compared to sole cropping of the same species.
Effective start/end date01/01/200731/12/2010