Biofuel production from lignocellulosic materials

Project: Research

Project Details


In Ghana biomass constitutes a prominent part of the energy mix: local biomass 67%, imported crude oil/petroleum 26%, electricity mainly from hydro plants 7%. However, for energy security reasons, a future sustainable development requires an even higher degree of use of local biomass (and other local renewable energy sources) to increase energy self-sufficiency.
The overall objective of the 2GBIONRG project is to develop sustainable technologies for production of 2nd generation biofuels (biogas, bioethanol and biodiesel) from lignocellulosic waste material in developing countries in Africa. In addition it is also to utilize residuals from the production as fertilizer improving soil fertility and food security. The suggested technologies will make it possible to switch from a society depending more and more on fossil energy to a modern biomass based society. Ghana will be used as a model country.
The OVERALL HYPOTHESIS is that lignocellulosic materials like agricultural and industrial residuals in addition to house hold waste and manure can be converted to biofuels (biogas, bioethanol and biodiesel) in a way that support sustainable development in Ghana with minimum carbon foot print. At the same time, valuable residues from the conversion can be used for production of fertilizer.
Effective start/end date01/09/201031/12/2014