Kasus i ældre middeldansk: et system med dobbelt indhold

Eva Skafte Jensen (Lecturer)

    Activity: Talk or presentationLecture and oral contribution

    Description

    The somewhat surprising distribution of casemarkings in certain manuscripts of Early Middle Danish (appr. 1100-1350) has been regarded as scribal errors. A closer look, however, reveals a pattern in the casemarkings that suggests that formally marked nominative and accusative in part appear in accordance to as system alternative to the traditional case system. The two cases accusative and nominative thus seem to serve two functions, one has to do with well known case functions of syntactic and semantic nature. The other function concerns pragmatic distinctions such as foreground vs. background information (/focus vs. non-focus).

    Apparently the nominative has developed a secondary function as a marker of foreground information in nouns, adjectives and to some extent pronouns, at first only in words working as subjects and subject complements, later also by other syntactic functions.

    In my paper I'll show how this alternative function manifests itself in manuscripts of Early Middle Danish, primarily in excerpts from the Scanic Law (ms. Stockholm B 69, appr. 1350).


    Emneord: grammar, paradigm, grammatical system, category, mood, modality, modal particle, imperative, word order, topology, main clause, subordinate clause, polysemy, monosemy, homonymy, functional linguistics, Grammaticalisation, paradigm, functional grammar, reanalysis, passive, mood, pragmatics, case, Old Danish
    Period18 Jan 2007
    Event typeConference
    LocationÅrhus, Denmark

    Keywords

    • grammar, paradigm, grammatical system, category, mood, modality, modal particle, imperative, word order, topology, main clause, subordinate clause, polysemy, monosemy, homonymy, functional linguistics
    • Grammaticalisation, paradigm, functional grammar, reanalysis, passive, mood
    • pragmatics
    • case
    • Old Danish