The paper set out to understand how the Communist Party of China (CCP) contains strains, which may challenge its legitimacy as ruler of the national development project. Inspired by Robert Wade’s (2018) features of arrangement of power, the paper argues that economic growth alone cannot assure legitimacy of the political settlement. The CCP upholds legitimacy by minimizing political opposition via penetration of society and to repress dissidents via patriotism and loyalty to the CCP leadership.
A review of the scholarly debate on China as a developmental state (DS) showed that the DS literature has been less attentive to the role of ideology or patriotism. In this paper, it is argued that both are important for understanding how the CCP leadership contains strains and assures its position as ruler of the national development project (Wade 2018). The analysis therefor set out to understand the role of patriotism and loyalty to ideology in the CCP leadership’s effort to contain legitimacy. Specifically, Wade’s (2018) features of arrangement of power were operationalised by studying the anti-corruption campaign and increment
of CCP cells in the private sector; as well as the Chinese Dream and censorship and propaganda. It is argued that while the leadership has managed to silence opposition and dissidents and to promote the CCP leadership as the highest authority, its efforts to claim legitimacy by repressing Western values or promoting the narratives of the Chinese Dream and the successful anti-corruption campaign may only safeguard the CCP leadership’s legitimacy in the short term. Its legitimacy may be challenged if the narratives of the Chinese Dream and anti-corruption campaign are not supported by economic growth, social development or decline in corruption.
|Uddannelser||Global Studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Vejledere||Gorm Rye Olsen|
- Developmental state theory