Abstract: This report contains an analysis on how the state formation in the peasant republic of Dithmarschen from 1227-1559 can be characterized. The point of departure is Max Weber’s tradition of state theory, which furthermore gets elaborated by the theoretical aspects of Charles Tilly and Thomas Ertman respectively. The analysis is in two parts and includes both an inquiry of the overall history of Dithmarschen, and an empirical investigation of the lawbook “Landesrecht” from 1447. The lawbook documents a consolidation of power, which was relocated from the decentralized clans towards the state entity via a concentration of coercion. The use of force does not fit completely with the ideal types of Max Weber, but there are identifiable structures that resemble legal-rational legitimacy. The lawbook shows numerous initiatives that indicate attempts to prevent patrimonial structures. The peasants of Dithmarschen were intensive traders, but nevertheless did not create big cities. This is reflected in the relatively high accumulation, albeit a low concentration of capital. Likewise, the accumulation of coercion was high but the concentration was low. In addition to this, Dithmarschen can be characterized as a form of fragmented sovereignty. Contrary to many other places, the formation of the state was not primarily caused by external military pressure, but was more due to internal conflicts. The peculiar state structure was prompted by an early break with the nobility, and thus class conflicts were not particularly present in the state formation.
|Uddannelser||Historie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||26 maj 2016|