Vidensvandring fra Portugal til Mozambique: Maputo or Bust! - an analysis of the portuguese migration to Mozambique

Nicky Nielsen, Christian Bak, Sidney Schultz & Nikolaj Holst Mathiesen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

Maputo or Bust - an analysis of Portuguese migration to Mozambique Through hundreds of years, Europe and the western world has been the dominant force when referring to developments in science, technology and knowledge. The other parts of the world has been looking towards the west to gain inspiration from them, and highly educated workers and scientists has been drawn towards Europe and the western world, going there take full use of their skills, and to be a part of a community where they can develop, both within their field of work, but also to raise living standards for themselves and their families. The recent development in the world is starting to change this. During the current financial crisis, the traditional economic powerhouses of Europe and the US have been deteriorating through these recent years, and the traditionally underdeveloped countries such as China, India and Brazil has claimed severely higher positions of power. Much of the foreign investment that previously was allocated in the west, is now starting to move towards the developing nations, thus providing them with immense opportunities to develop further, and to gain even more economically. Even Africa, which most people regarded as being the least developed region in the world just a few years back, are attracting a lot of foreign investments now a days. The financial crisis were especially hard on the southern european region, as countries such as Spain, Greece and Portugal are at the present time in economically dire straits, losing jobs rapidly without any sign of progress in the near future. This has left a large part of the population in despair, and has forced large parts of the population to seek opportunities elsewhere. This report examines this trend via the example of two countries, Portugal and Mozambique, and discovers the causes and effects of the migration. As mentioned earlier, the crisis in Portugal has convinced a lot of portuguese people to take their chances elsewhere, and in the emerging economy of Mozambique, they have found their answer. The report features examinations of the reason behind Portugal's economic problems, doing so by examining the years that lead up to the global financial crisis. It examines what the economic troubles has meant for people in terms of acquiring work, and what the near future looks like for the portuguese economy. It also contains an analysis of the economic foundation of Mozambique, and discovers reasons why the country is currently flourishing. The report also look at the social and cultural differences as a possible explanation to why some portuguese choose Mozambique instead of another country as their destination. Further, this report examines whether or not this development will have future implications on the two countries, both economically and resource wise, but also in the context of social and cultural implications. Brain drain and brain gain are factors which this report deals with, in order to gain information on eventual consequences for each of the nations that are being examined. In conclusion, both economical and social/cultural factors proved to be immensely important factors of the migration. All though it is hard to predict what is going to happen in the future, the possibility for brain drain and brain gain are absolutely present regarding these two nations, and it must therefore be concluded that it is likely to be an effect of the migration between Portugal and Mozambique

UddannelserBasis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato27 jan. 2013

Emneord

  • Push Pull
  • Mozambique
  • Economy
  • Migration
  • Portugal
  • Brain Drain