Vagtværn i by og på land i den politiløse tid

Rasmus Højer Martensen, Louise Rich, Christine Hedetoft, Anna Wellejus Gross & Jon Benkert Holtet

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


It was an extreme and critical situation when the occupying Germans on the 19 of September 1944, undercover of a false air raid siren, arrested the Danish police force. This marks the beginning of a period of 8 months when Denmark was without any police force. The Danish authorities sought to partially compensate for the lack of a police presence by appointing locals to form multiple guard corps, under the direction of the local mayors. Past studies of these so called municipal guard corps, has mainly focused on Denmark's major cities, in particular Copenhagen. Studies of crime and the role of the municipal guards in medium sized Danish towns and smaller counties, is a rather untouched area of Danish occupation history, which this thesis will try to compensate for. Our approach is to examine and explain differences in the nature of crime between different areas, and how the municipal guards acted towards the population in their attempts of social control. Our thesis shows that there was a large difference in the character and level of crime depending on habitat - from the small counties to the larger cities. This is explained by the lure of temptation which was not equal with regards to different areas. This was due to differences in the level of social control, with the associated fear of social stigma being clearly stronger in the smaller communities opposite the more urban areas. The examined sources shows that the municipal guards in the smaller counties, extensively made use of informal control in order to provide stability and prevent crime, opposite the major cities. The municipal guards' use of social control vary according to geographical location, demographic characteristics, and the types of crime which were prevalent in their area.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato17 jan. 2012
VejledereClaus Bundgård Christensen


  • social kontrol
  • danish
  • occupation
  • municipal guard corps
  • besættelsen
  • politiløse tid
  • kriminologi
  • kommunale vagtværn