Vaccinationsdebatten i Danmark

Caroline Flyger, Siri Ørndorf, Michelle Westberg Olsen, Signe Arved Eriksen, Nina Luu Traasdahl Larsson & Sara Eleonora Hougaard

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

The MMR-vaccine has been a popular way to bring down rates of childhood illness to a minimum in Denmark since its introduction in the 1980s. Even though measles is one of the most contagious childrens diseases, there are still parents that decline the opportunity to get their children vaccinated for free. In anti vaccinations groups it is commonly agreed that vaccines in general are more dangerous than they are effective. The Dutch philosopher Roland Pierik published an article in 2015, where he argues that herd immunity is a public benefit and that the vaccination of children should be a legal obligation. This paper investigates the cause of the phenomenon in Denmark, and whether there should be taken legal action. With research centered around one of the most well known vaccine critical groups in Denmark, VaccinationsForum, it determines why some parents actively chooses not to let their children receive the MMR-vaccine. This paper analyses the arguments from both VaccinationsForum and Roland Pierik, focusing on the validity and specific wording of selected arguments. It discusses the moral obligations of parents and state concerning both the children in question and the public health. It also discusses what is morally right from the perspective of moral philosophers Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. This paper concludes that the MMR-vaccine isn’t harmful, and that those saying so have very scarce scientific sources to support their claim. The arguments are often charged with emotions from both sides, and the lack of scientific research furthermore underlines this with those opposed. Morally, this paper concludes that though there is no hurry to do so, the state has several methods to increase vaccination rates, that still takes into consideration the autonomy of the parents. This paper finally concludes that the mistrust toward the state is the single most important factor as to why parents actively doesn’t vaccinate their children.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato21 dec. 2015
VejledereThomas Søbirk Petersen

Emneord

  • vaccine
  • MMR
  • MFR