Utilizing the Biofraction of Municipal Solid Waste

Louise Rogild Bjerre, Sara Josefin Shapiro, Samantha Le Royal, Ditte Lyng Rosenquist & Michelle de Marée

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


This project takes its point of departure in the Copenhagen Resource and Waste Plan 2018 flagship Biowaste and Heavy Transport Fuelled with Biogas. The background for this project is an interest in resource scarcity and an increased need for efficient use of resources in municipal solid waste. This project researches how to induce transition in the current incineration-­‐driven waste regime into an environmentally sustainable trajectory through social and economic sustainability. A transition within municipal solid waste management in Copenhagen is a precondition for utilizing the bio-­‐fraction of municipal solid waste. We answer the research question: “How can a transition to sustainable sorting of biowaste in Copenhagen municipality take place?”. Analysis of qualitative empirical data gathered and theory on transition as well as social and economic sustainability provide an answer. The analysis is divided into three main themes; Socio-­‐Technical Transition, Social Sustainability, and Economic Sustainability. These themes lead up to a discussion on transition conflicting areas, common ground, and how the common ground can be enlarged. The conclusion is that tension within the regime as well as landscape developments provide a window of opportunity for a transition. Issues with purity of sorted biowaste and logistic challenges encourage a flexible solution for municipal solid waste management in Copenhagen. These solutions could be implemented through public-­‐private partnerships. In these collaborations the municipality is able to ensure a long term perspective and secure environmental sustainability. It is important to avoid a divide between citizens and technologies and acknowledge citizens as being part of the socio-­‐technical regime. We conclude that increased resource awareness promotes bridging sustainability and circular thinking which is beneficial for an environmentally sustainable transition.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato30 jan. 2014
VejledereØystein Leonhardsen


  • Copenhagen
  • biowaste
  • city
  • MSWM
  • municipal solid waste
  • resource awareness
  • sustainability
  • transition