Afghanistan has been through war for more than three decades of war and political disputes, both on a national and international level. Since the 11th September 2001, where Al Qaeda conducted terrorist attacks in the United States, there has been an even more amplified focus on Afghanistan. A couple of weeks after these attacks, former U.S. President George W. Bush declared the war on terror announcing that Al Qaeda had its base in Afghanistan and therefore an invasion in the country was required. The main purpose of the invasion, Operation Enduring Freedom, was self-defence. When President Barack Obama entered office his Administration changed the strategy in Afghanistan. In March 2009 President Obama announced the U.S.’ intensified civilian and military strategy, where the prevailing U.S. objective remained: To disrupt, dismantle and defeat al Qaeda in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and to prevent their return to either country in the future To promote a more capable and accountable Afghan government The U.S would, with this surge, have the most significant deployment of U.S. civilian expertise to a war zone in decades. With the use of an immanent critical approach, cherry picked concepts from Seth D. Kaplan’s work Fixing Fragile States: A New Paradigm for Development, and various research reports the U.S. civilian key initiatives as part of both the U.S White Paper of the Interagency Policy Group's Report on U.S. Policy toward Afghanistan and Pakistan (2009), and the re-visited Afghanistan and Pakistan Regional Stabilization Strategy (2010), this project will be focused on the U.S. surge’s 2nd policy assumption, being that; Afghan government “top-down” structures and reforms would be reinforced instead of the local Afghan governance “bottom-up” progress over time. The hypothesis of this project is that the assumption made was unrealistic. Over three years after these goals were presented; there is no evidence that it has been successful, with centralized Afghan government interests systematically congested these progresses.
|Uddannelser||Global Studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||18 dec. 2013|