US-China Rivalry in Development Aid: Ethiopia's Political Engagement and Path Finding Through the US-China Competition

Boyko Albenov Karov

Studenteropgave: Speciale


This thesis is a study of Ethiopian political navigation through the rivalry in the developmental aid provision of the two Great Powers: US and China in the past two decades. The paper involves an analysis of developmental aid as a part of the foreign policy of the US and China. Two donors with different approaches and aims, while endeavoring to research the political engagement of the Ethiopian political elite and study how the Ethiopian government has managed to benefit from the rivalry of the two donors. In 2001 the Ethiopian ruling TPLF party as a leading party in the EPRDF coalition had experienced division in its ranks, leading to the changes in the political discourse and the appearance of the new ideology of ‘developmental state’ in the Ethiopian political rhetoric. The idea behind this ideology was accelerated economic development and lifting people out of poverty. The funds to back the ‘developmental state’ ideology and develop its weak economy have so far came from many donors, with the US and China sharing the most significant portions of development aid provided to Ethiopia. Attracting the two rivals was due to the strategic importance of Ethiopia and the changes in the political agenda of the country. This paper will emphasize the role of the political elite in Ethiopia in the navigation through the rivalry of two great powers and the measures that the Ethiopian government implemented to attract and sustain the attention of the two donors.

UddannelserInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Master
Udgivelsesdato2 jan. 2020
Antal sider58
VejledereEric Komlavi Hahonou