The social unrest in the Danish army during WWI.
Denmark did not participate in the First World War, but to defend Danish neutrality the army was mobilized. The size of the army was with its 60.000 members the biggest in Danish history. The conscripts came from all over the country and all walks of life. The time spent in the army had a big negative impact on the individual conscript’s economic and family situation in a Danish society, which was effected by widespread poverty. The life in the army was tedious and boring with a war, which never reached Denmark. The social divide between officers and the privates was sharp, and many privates experienced harsh abuse in the hands of the officers, which let to suicides in some cases. All this let to a break down in the internal discipline during the course of WWI. This thesis, examined never before, uses sources to investigate the state of discipline between august 1914 till the end of 1916. Already in 1916 the army had serious disciplinary problems in roughly the half of the army. Everything indicates that the situation only escaladed in 1917 and 1918, where a large group of soldiers became politically radicalized due to the revolutions in Russia and Germany. In the autumn of 1918 soldiers insurrection was a possibility, but this never materialized due to the government's countermeasures and that the left wing leadership didn’t believe in success of a socialist revolution, because foreign powers would likely intervene and crush the Danish working class and its organization.
|Uddannelser||Historie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Vejledere||Claus Bundgård Christensen|
- første verdenskrig