Univeselle rettigheder - socialiseringsprocesser i USA og Kontinentaleuropa

Thomas Peter Schiermacher Jensen, Cathrine Kronborg Leth, Kamilla Kraft, Marie Klint Martinsen & Nana Gnanasundari Jørgensen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

Resume The aim of this project is to show, through analysis and discussion, that there are differentiated socialization processes in the USA and continental Europe, and how the Declaration of Independence and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen influence these. Furthermore we have used the theories of John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, seeing them as the ideological foundations for the two declarations, along with the development of thinking in the late 1800’s America and France. We have also described two legal systems, common law and civil law, as they continuously influence the processes in USA and continental Europe. Our theoretical approach is primarily based upon Jürgen Habermas and his essay Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action. This sociologic theory of states of moral, made it possible to analyze and discuss the progress of both societies. Finally, we may conclude that the old legal systems and the declarations have a distinct sway over the diversities in the socialization processes because they represent two different paradigms, and hence influence the way of thinking differently.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato31 jan. 2008

Emneord

  • menneskerrettigheder
  • Rousseau
  • civil law
  • Common law
  • John Locke
  • erklæringen om menneske- og borgerrettigheder
  • Habermas
  • kommunikativ handlen
  • Den amerikanske uafhængighedserklæring
  • Montesquie
  • Marx
  • moral