Under den sproglige overflade

Lisbeth Bjerregaard Jepsen

Studenteropgave: Speciale


Based on the assumption that people generally rely on a common set of underlying speech conventions when engaging in social interaction, the thesis investigates a number of speech exchanges in dramatic dialogue in order to detect different kinds and degrees of violations of these norms. The findings are examined in terms of how and why the violations occur, which reactions, if any, they occation in the local contexts in which they take place, and, not least, the effect of the certain interactional activities establishing and dealing with these violations on the external recipient; the reader or the audience. The analysis is founded in the formulated principles of cooperation and social considerations in interaction. Using the conversation analytic framework, the methodical approach is based on the view that dramatists, when creating dramatic dialogue, draw upon not only the norms and conventions for interaction, but also upon the principles and mechanics concerning how speech exchange is sequencially structured between interactants in order to organise interactional activities. The maneuvres involving violations of interactional norms differ both in quality and effect. One basic observation through the findings is that the social relations between the interactants are both reflected through and affected by the sequencial structuring and interactional negotiation process of the exchanges. The violations typically point to some degree of conflict or conflicting interests between the interactants, but these conflicts are rarely explicated. Rather, the involved parties make use of a number of interactional maneuvres (such as excuses, abrupt topic shifts, pauses, inadequate or lacking responses) to avoid touching upon the matter of potential conflict. These actions reveal social imbalances among the interactants regarding tact, social consideration as well as diverging aims and needs as regards the interaction and the social relation in general. One crucial reason for escape seems to be the notion of emotional issus requiring increased attention and commitment from the listener. The overall consequence of the maneuvres is that the potential conflicts are left unattended to. Hereby, the notion of the unsaid draws particular attention in terms of interpretation. Some actions and their outcomes are easily inferable, while others are more complex when it comes to the interpretation of the interactional dynamics and the psychological motives and coherence among the actions. One particular section of the analysis shows a type of dialogue that, by not addressing deviant modes of conduct as such, altogether undermines what is considered normal as for the recipient’s relation to norms, common world knowledge and experience. No inferences seem plausible in the dramatic world established through these interactions. This leaves the recipient facing a different challenge in the attempt to infer coherence within the dialogue. Finally, the study briefly discusses the results of the analysis addressing different notions of the recipient’s expectations related to the premises and/or limits for interpretation of the dramatic text.

UddannelserDansk, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato27 nov. 2008
VejledereSimon Borchmann


  • face
  • dramatisk dialog
  • conversation analysis
  • kommunikationslogik
  • sprogbrugsnormer
  • emneskift
  • samtaleanalyse