Udviklingsdiskurser og repræsentationer af kvinder i Verdens Bedste Nyheder

Signe Korntved Petersen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

This thesis sets out to analyse the type of discourses and representations of women and development that recur in the Verdens Bedste Nyheder (“The World’s Best News”) campaign. The methodology of the thesis consists of using Norman Fairclough’s theory as a frame for the discourse analysis of 18 articles from the campaign, all comprised within the area of the Millennium Development Goal Three – ‘Promote gender equality and empower women’. Chandra Talpede Mohanty’s theory is used to explore the manner in which we make analytical assumptions and generalizations when talking about women in the third world. In the articles women are depicted as victims of their gender, position in society, and inherent third world differences. These representations of third world women implicitly reflect discourses about development and power relations, while representing a latent self-portrayal of first world women, who, as opposed to the third world women, are “free individuals”. Stuart Hall’s theories of representation and of the ‘West and the Rest’ are applied to analyse how third world women in particular, and people from Africa in general, are represented as primitive, uncivilized and “in pact with nature” in the afore mentioned articles. Furthermore there are several discourses in the articles which work towards creating a further division between ‘us’ and ‘them’. By applying Arturo Escobar’s theory about development, I scrutinize how the discourse assumes that economic development is the right kind of development. Consequently, they conclude that if a certain development project has been successful in one African country, it is assumed to be suitable for any other given African country - with no regards to political, historical and cultural differences, or demographic contexts. This disregard to local context as a point of departure ends up preserving the first world hegemony over the third world, with the latter portrayed as one big indistinguishable mass of similar countries. Finally, I discuss how the third world women do not have a voice in the articles, meaning that they are stripped of their agency and of the possibility to influence the discourse themselves. Yet positive stories – in spite of their biased discourse – are nonetheless better than no stories at all.

UddannelserInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato1 sep. 2015
VejledereSigne Arnfred

Emneord

  • magtforhold
  • Verdens Bedste Nyheder
  • repræsentationer
  • Mohanty
  • Kvinder
  • udviklingsdiskurs