Udvikling for hvem? - en undersøgelse af bæredygtighedspotentialet i Barrick Golds Partnerskabsprojekt ved Lagunas Norte-minen i Peru

Ann Lea Egebæk & Trine Bruun Mathiasen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

The private sector is a new player in the development arena and through their work with CSR many companies wish to shape their impact on the local communities in which they work towards a more sustainable direction. A considerable part of many companies CSR strategy concern working in cross-sector-partnerships with formal development actors such as NGOs. Through this work a company can get a better feel of the local community and thereby con-tribute more to sustainable development. This work is not least relevant for companies doing mining in the Peruvian Andes as they have experienced their share of conflicts with the local indigenous peoples due to the lack of good CSR practices. The Canadian mining company Barrick Gold is working in Peru and is today demonstrating willingness to improve its impact on local communities through partnerships with formal de-velopment actors. This thesis takes its starting point in the specific cross-sector-partnership between Barrick Gold, the NGO World Vision, and the Canadian government in the shape of the Canadian International Development Agency. Through interviews and literature review we have investigated the actual situation in the local communities surrounding the Lagunas Norte mine in Andean Peru, which are affected by Barrick Gold’s operations, and we have applied CSR theory, partnership theory, and sustainable development theory to determine if this partnership can and will generate sustainable development. The thesis concludes that the examined partnership can create value through better reputation for the company but only to a lesser extent sustainable development for the local community. The main reason is that the involved partners do not engage in dialogue with the local com-munity or listen to their grievances and therefore are unable to generate social sustainability or induce changes in (power) structures that are needed to open up for creation of sustainable development solutions. The thesis brings forth new insights into the potential impact of cross-sector-partnerships and more specifically contribute to a discussion of the possible positive effects of western companies’ CSR-programs in developing countries as opposed to increased profits for shareholders, exemplified by the mining sector’s activities in Peru.

UddannelserInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato28 jan. 2014
VejledereLone Riisgaard

Emneord

  • Partnerskab
  • CSR
  • Bæredygtig udvikling
  • Konflikter