Transboundary Water Conflicts - Egypt, Ethiopia and the River Nile

Emma Margon Prip, Cecilie Næsby Friis, Christoffer Holger Reenberg, Alix Christine Hoff-Andersen & Antonia Meyer

Studenteropgave: Fagmodulprojekt


This paper examines the arguments that Egypt and Ethiopia utilise when arguing for their rights to the water of the Nile. In 2011, Ethiopia embarked on the construction of a new great dam, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which Egypt fears will result in a decrease in their share of water from the Nile. Through a case study of this instance, the ontological positions of the respective countries are showcased and examined. We will implement a genealogical approach, revealing the significance of the history and historical thought systems for the countries’ reactions. Furthermore, as the project deals with two nations, the theory of ‘imagined communities’ is utilised to explain their grounds for nationalism and how this notion is an important factor when investigating these kinds of conflicts. Theories of development and modernisation are placed in relation to the GERD, to uncover the importance of these factors for a country. As a result of this, it will be concluded that both countries highly consider the legal, historical and emotional ties to the Nile when arguing for their rights to the water. As both nation-states work to benefit financially from the Nile and protect their citizens, it is not yet to say who will come out the ‘winner’. Thus, the project will not discuss the legitimacy of their arguments but rather it uncovers which ontologies lie behind them and how each country uses them for their own good to gain and maintain ownership over the Nile.

UddannelserInternationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
Udgivelsesdato16 dec. 2019
Antal sider55
VejlederePaul Austin Stacey