Towards protecting the EU's own security

Therese Cederberg Nielsen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

This thesis investigates the EU’s development policy and why it is being securitised with a focus on the EU’s own security and with a case study of the policy towards the Sahel. Two waves of securitisation are identified; the first one starting in the beginning of the 1990’s where focus is on security within the partner countries, and the second one starting in the aftermath of 9/11 where focus is on security for the EU. The second wave of securitisation of the EU’s relations with the Sahel start in 2006. Using Foreign Policy Analysis, I examine why this securitisation has happened. Four key events in the period 2006-2017 are analysed. Key actors are identified and the factors influencing their preferences are identified as being:
1. Perception
2. Leadership
3. Bureaucracy
4. State/society relations.
Especially France and the EEAS with the HRVP in the lead emerge as influential actors and especially perception and bureaucracy emerge as influential factors in constructing the preferences of the actors. Terrorism and migration are the key issues that are perceived as threats towards the EU stemming from the Sahel. The new institutional framework introduced with the Lisbon treaties makes for opposing mandates and thus bureaucratic turf wars.

UddannelserInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) KandidatEU-studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato2018
Antal sider79
VejledereLaurids Sandager Lauridsen & Gorm Rye Olsen