Towards an Extended Theory of Mind

Ben Bosse, Bruno Jeremy Flörke, Anna Maria Jarosz, Henry Chase Richards, Rachel Tatum & Nikoloz Vachnadze

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


This project is a study of the psychological concept of Theory of Mind (ToM), as well as its place in life beyond adolescence. Reaching further than the usual studies based on children and their development of ToM, we aim to shed light upon the ways in which ToM manifests itself in areas of adult life. Theory of Mind is a term coined in 1978 to describe one’s ability to first understand that others have minds separate from our own, and from there the ability to interpret the others’ mental states. Much of the studies done on this theory are based around children and primates and subsequently their development of ToM. In this paper we analyse the related phenomena of hindsight bias, mirror neurons, pluralistic ignorance and deontic reasoning. We then move into analyses of Machiavellian Intelligence in relation to ToM, cognitive literary studies and philosophy of mind. By integrating those different phenomena and fields of study into Theory of Mind we argue for an extended conceptualisation and promote further interdisciplinary research.

UddannelserBasis - International Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
Udgivelsesdato28 maj 2015
VejlederePatrick Rowan Blackburn


  • mentalising
  • cognitive psychology
  • Dennett
  • intentional stance
  • higer-order reasoning
  • Machiavellian Intelligence
  • intentionality
  • philosophy of mind
  • autism
  • ToM
  • deception
  • mindreading
  • mirror neurons
  • mental state