The Theory of Integrated Conservation and Development Projects Rethoric or Reality? The Case of Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Rikke S. Riemer & Yonatan Kelder

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


In this works we are looking into the conflicts between nature conservation and development of local communities in developing countries. We examine the weaknesses within the theory of Integrated Conservation and Development Project (ICDP) by analysing the reality of one of the world's first ICDPs, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) in Tanzania, and its local indigenous population who belong to the pastoral Maasai. We have collected our empirical data from peerreviewed articles and official reports by international and national governmental and nongovernmental organizations. We analyse the data with respect to the writer's prescription of the reality in the NCA while being aware of our own pre-conceptions. The problems we are discussing are: migration, invasive species, poaching, the increase pastoral human population and the issues of human rights and land tenure within the NCA. We identify the conflicts that led to these problems. Some of the conflicts are a result of poor implementation of the strategy, however, we trace two issues which have their roots in a weak link within the theoretic background of the project: the side effects to economic success, and the lack of long term selfsustainable strategy

UddannelserGeografi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato19 maj 2008


  • indigenous people rights
  • ICDP
  • land tenure
  • Nature conservation