The Syrian-Lebanese Crisis: Conflict Sensitive NGOs in Lebanon

Christopher Simon Ulvedahl Franck & Helle Baadsgaard Mortensen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

The paper examines how the Lebanese host-community has shifted from hospitality to hostility towards the Syrian refugee guests and how non-governmental-organizations (NGOs) can act conflict sensitive when intervening in a guest-host conflictual context. Based on two and half week of fieldwork in Lebanon, observations and interviewed NGOs has allowed for a comprehensive understanding of prevalent tensions among Lebanese and Syrian refugees. The tensions emanate from the Syrian-Lebanese crisis where a fear of prolonged presence of Syrian refugees has activated the past. The Palestinian permanency since 1949 and memory of the sectarian Civil war has created an ontological insecurity related to a Lebanese fear of sectarian uprisings to repeat. This has led to othering of Syrian refugees perceived as culturally different and incompatible in the Lebanese host- community, which is reflected in false narratives and stigmas of Syrian refugees on both a civil and structural level. Tensions and stigma of Syrian refugees reveal conflicted guest-host relations calling upon the importance of NGOs acting conflict sensitive. This paper allows for a comprehensive understanding of the complex historical and political context NGOs are intervening in in Lebanon. It provides NGOs with knowledge that can inspire them to conduct a context-specific conflict sensitivity analysis in the region they are operating in. This not only ensures that NGOs are not contributing to conflict by reproducing stigmas but also ensures that staff, program and aid is given in a conflict sensitive manner. Finally, it leaves NGOs with tools to manage conflict with positive effects on security and safety.

UddannelserInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato14 aug. 2015
Antal sider115
VejledereJacob Rasmussen

Emneord

  • Lebanon
  • Syrian Refugees
  • Lebanese Host-community
  • Hospitality
  • Hostility
  • Stigma
  • Stereotype
  • Tensions
  • NGO
  • Conflict Sensitivity
  • Guest-host Relations