This paper intends to research the following research question: “Despite the organisation being banned for many years prior to the ‘Arab Spring’ how was the Muslim Brotherhood able to influence the outcome of the 2012 Egyptian general election?” We have chosen to write about the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and their ability to influence the Egyptian revolution, resulting in a successful election in the favour of the Muslim Brotherhood. To be able to answer the research question a detailed description of the history of the Muslim Brotherhood is necessary. How they managed to establish a “good reputation” in big parts of the Egyptian society despite the fact that they had been banned as a political, social and religious movement for more than seven decades. Additionally a summary, explaining the event during the Arab Spring and how the Muslim Brotherhood gained power in this short period. The Muslim Brotherhood founded a political party named The Freedom & Justice Party after overthrowing the Hosni Mubarak regime in 2011. In this paper we will therefore also pinpoint their political program, strategies and ideologies. Furthermore, this paper investigates the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood before and through the election periods focusing on the different reasons why the people of Egypt voted in the favour of the Muslim Brotherhood. The project presents a globalisation theory by Thomas Hylland Eriksen which is based on eight key concepts. Interconnectedness, standardisation and re-embedding is the most relevant dimensions which will be focused on. In the continuance of interconnectedness, the role of the social Medias during the Egyptian revolt will be researched and discussed. Thereafter, with a point of departure, the events during the occupation of Tahrir Square on the 25th of January 2011 will be analysed where after an explanation of why these events might have been the turning point for the Muslim Brotherhood bringing them on the track to governmental politics in Egypt. Finally we will summarise everything which will end up in a discussion and from the discussion a conclusion will be drawn. We have used many different books, reports, sources etc. to be able to answer this project so that the reader is able to get a better, wider and deeper understanding on how the Muslim Brotherhood were able to rise to power in such a short time despite the history that they have experienced, since the founding of the movement in 1928.
|Uddannelser||Basis - International Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||19 dec. 2013|