The role of the Mozambican journalist in the digital era

Eva Sofie Fritzbøger

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

In this thesis, the aim is to analyse and discuss how digitalisation has benefitted or challenged Mozambican journalists in fulfilling their assigned role in society. It has been found that Mozambican journalists are expected and enabled by law to take part in constructing and developing society but also to do this objectively. The theory of McCombs (2014) was used to shed light on how this makes Mozambican journalists agenda-setters. However, new developments have the potential to influence the journalists striving to fulfil this role. Specifically, this analysis showed that digitalisation has become part of the Mozambican news production in the sense that the media landscape has been disrupted by non-journalist contributors. In addition, social media and online publication also play a part in at least some journalists’ work flow. However, the journalists are not necessarily benefitted by digitalisation in relation to fulfilling their assigned role. Firstly, digitalisation brings increased challenges in terms of staying true to the objectivity norm due to the large amount of false information online. Secondly, security concerns and a lack of transparency mean that certain stories might not be published although access to the right sources should in theory be increasingly enabled by digitalisation. Lastly, the online journalists remain to be agenda-setters for only the minority of people using internet actively in Mozambique. The methodological approach used to reach these conclusions was inspired by the ideas of grounded theory meaning that the empiric data was the foundation for the analysis. In the analysis and discussion separated in three levels, the role of the journalist was firstly identified through a text analysis of the press law, the right to information law and two ethical codes. In the second and third level of the analysis, it was firstly evaluated whether and how digitalisation is part of the Mozambican newsroom and subsequently discussed how this affects the journalists in fulfilling their assigned role. Here, qualitative interviews comprised the main part of the empiric data analysed. In addition to McCombs, the thesis amongst others includes theory of Schudson (2001) to explain the objectivity norm and Castells (2001 & 2009) and Curran (2002 & 2016) to understand the role of the journalist in the digital era specifically.

UddannelserJournalistik, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato22 dec. 2018
Antal sider95
VejledereNorbert Wildermuth

Emneord

  • Mozambique
  • Journalistik
  • Digitalisering