The Long March Towards Energy Efficient Buildings in China: A study of barriers for energy efficiency in new buildings in China and proposals for a new paradigm

Sune Kirkegaard Rotne

Studenteropgave: Speciale


This report is the physical result of a Master Thesis study on barriers for energy efficiency in buildings in China, conducted at the Department of Environmental, Social and Spatial Change, Roskilde University, in the period between September 2008 and June 2009. The study takes its point of origin in the present situation with building energy efficiency in China, characterized by low compliance with building codes in new constructions, leaving great potentials in energy reductions and mitigations of green house gasses, vastly unused. The report therefore seeks to identify barriers for energy efficiency in new buildings in China and subsequently propose methods of overcoming these barriers, conjuring a new paradigm for building energy efficiency in the Chinese construction industry. In the process of identifying barriers and presenting potential solutions the report examines the economic, political and social background for the present situation in the construction industry in China. On the basis of literature surveys, interviews with stakeholders, primarily in China, and a case study of a newly constructed apartment complex in Beijing, barriers are identified and analyzed. Before solutions are proposed the general modernisation tendencies in the Chinese society, with a strong emphasis on environmental policies, will be presented and analyzed. The tendencies of ecological modernisation in the Danish construction industry are also subject to examination and related to the tendencies of ecomodernisation in China. On the basis of the identified barriers and with respect to the tendencies of ecological modernisation in China, solutions for overcoming barriers are presented. These focus strongly on reforming policies and enhancing local institutional capacities in China. The report ends with the presentation of a proposed roadmap for improving the energy efficiency of new buildings in China, and perspectives for future research.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato26 sep. 2009
VejledereJesper Holm & Inger Stauning


  • Institutional transplantation
  • Capacity building
  • China
  • Building energy efficiency
  • Ecological modernisation
  • Construction industry