The integration of Ukraine and Moldova into the Energy Community - a liberal intergovernmantal analysis

Anne Hald Petersen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

The aim of the study is to analyse the integration of Ukraine and Moldova into the Energy Community using the theoretical framework of liberal intergovernmentalism. The main focus is on cooperation with regard to gas energy security and the theoretical framework of liberal intergovernmentalism is applied to analyse the economic and geopolitical motivations for cooperating on energy as a mean to ensure the gas transit dimension of EU energy security on the one side and as a mean to solve the energy security challenges related to gas for Ukraine and Moldova on the other. The study reveals that the integration of Ukraine and Moldova into the Energy Community entail asymmetrical costs and benefits for the EU and Ukraine and Moldova as well as entails both costs and benefits for all parties. The mix of benefits and opportunities means that bilateral bargaining and not the integration of Ukraine and Moldova into the Energy Community should be expected and it is on this background concluded that liberal intergovernmentalism is not fully capable of explaining the integration of Ukraine and Moldova into the Energy Community. Despite this, the use of liberal intergovernmentalism has led to several important findings of which together has made it clear that the integration of Ukraine and Moldova into the Energy Community does not ensure the transit dimension of EU energy security. This is the case as the asymmetries in the preferences of cooperation on gas within the framework of the Treaty can be found to explain the lack of implementation of the obligations of Ukraine as they according to the theory reduce the economic and geopolitical interests of Ukraine of implementing the obligations of the Treaty. In addition to this, the use of the theory has highlighted the risk of Ukraine and Moldova giving up their membership of the Energy Community due to the disagreement with Russia over the Third Package. As the transit dimension of EU energy security was found to depend on increasing the transparency and infrastructure of the Ukrainian and Moldovan gas sectors as well as on the ability of the EU to more closely monitor the gas trade between Ukraine and Moldova and Russia, with the use of liberal intergovernmentalism it can be concluded, that the integration of Ukraine and Moldova into the Energy Community do not ensure the transit dimension of EU energy security.

UddannelserForvaltning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato6 aug. 2012
VejledereSanne Brasch Kristensen

Emneord

  • EU, energy security, gas, Moldova, Ukraine, liberal intergovernmentalism