The EU and NATO in Crisis Management - Towards intensified Rivalry or Partnership? EU og NATO inden for krisehåndtering - Et forhold på vej mod øget partnerskab eller rivalisering?

Morten Thaning Thulstrup

Studenteropgave: Speciale


This thesis sets out to explore the potential for a future enhanced EU-NATO partnership within the area of global crisis management, through a focus on primarily the interorganizational and inter-state level. To fulfil this ambition, I apply a theoretical framework that include neo-realist and neo-liberal observations about the nature of states and international cooperation, alongside the Inter-Organizational Network theory, which through theory synthesis depict the rivalling tendencies that exist between organizations. These theoretical observations play a key role in unlocking the complexity that is imbedded in the central focus of the thesis, which is a comparative analysis of the EU and NATO's crisis management capabilities and strategies. In order to assess the consistency of the preliminary conclusions that are derived in the analysis, they are tested through a case perspective, which includes the review of three conflict scenarios where the EU and NATO are currently engaged simultaneously, namely: Somalia, Kosovo and Afghanistan. The thesis concludes that while NATO and the EU have experienced an equally impressive evolution in the area of crisis management since the 1990’s, NATO currently stands out as the most effective and capable organization of the two. Moreover, regardless of the EU’s increasing military capability, it remains primarily a civilian actor, while NATO in spite of its aspiration to acquire a more civilian profile, continues to excel primarily within military crisis management. Finally, it emphasizes the interdependence and compatibility of EU-NATO crisis management strategies and capabilities and argues that although ‚hostage-taking‛ continuous to prevent the development of formal relations between the two organizations, they are likely to enhance their cooperation through a rivalling partnership in the near future, encouraged by a high intensity of shared problemdriven incentives and a gradual decrease in ‚forum-shopping‛.

UddannelserForvaltning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato17 mar. 2010


  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Crisis management
  • Neorealism
  • Afghanistan
  • Military crisis management
  • Civilian capability
  • United States of America
  • Somalia
  • NATO
  • Neoliberalism
  • Inter-Organizational Network Theory
  • Security policy
  • EU
  • civilian crisis management
  • Response Force
  • Military capability
  • Kosovo
  • European Union
  • Theory synthesis
  • US