The Environmental and Socio-Economic Impacts of Hydroelectric Dams in Turkish Kurdistan

Thomas Moran

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


Through an interdisciplinary approach based on natural and social science this project aims to define some important issues concerning the sustainable development of hydroelectric dams through the specific case of the proposed Ilisu hydroelectric dam, located on the Tigris river in the south eastern region of Turkey. Specific emphasis will be placed on the environmental and socio-economic impacts of the dam affecting the indigenous population of the region, most of which are Kurds. The findings of this project are aimed at improving the acknowledgement of the vulnerability of host indigenous populations that are faced with the problems associated with large-scale dam construction. The Ilisu Dam is part of one of the largest dam projects in the world, the Southeastern Anatolia Project. When eventually completed, it will include over 20 dams on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Government led scheme aims to bring desperately needed development to the region through the use of water resources. The much-needed development of the region is due to number of different reasons cited in the project. The findings of this project point to a number of socio-economic problems that dam development has created. These findings have prompted the investigation into the socio-economic problems associated with the region prior the dam development. The understanding of such socio-economic problems and how they are affecting the given goals of the GAP project have helped to underline the inadequate planning procedures of the GAP authorities. This has also exposed the open neglect and marginalization of the Kurdish population in the region by the Turkish authorities, strongly suggesting change of approach in the way Turkish authorities manage development projects in the region.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato1 jun. 2004