The Colombian Agrarian Liberalization

Amanda Brinkløv, Julie Lehman Bundgaard, Sune Skaarup, Nikolaj Parbo & Frederikke Ramsby

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


This project addresses themes that regard international development and international political economy. It examines which impact the World Bank and IMF-led liberalization programmes have had on the Colombian agrarian sector, and to what extent the concept of ‘Good Governance’ have been implemented in this liberalization process. The violent Colombian history and their liberalization process, is analyzed with a critical view on the World Bank and the IMF way of thinking development. The analysis emphasizes the importance of implementing Good Governance in a successful development process. This is done with a document analysis that describes concepts that are relevant to understanding the relationship between Colombia and the World Bank and the IMF, including theoretical aspects from dependency theory and statist political economy. The field of research includes the dependency between Colombia and the two institutions and the United States, and how this has affected the liberalization process and the consequences thereof. The main conclusions is that the production of the agrarian sector have benefitted from the improved flexibility following the liberalization, while the poor handling of the agrarian question have primarily benefitted the elitist largeholders at the expense of the smallholders and labourers. The fact that the redistribution was made on principles of the market, leads to the conclusion that there was a lack of focus on social conditions in the implementation of the reforms during the 90’s. It is argued that the concept of Good Governance is an element of mainstream language development as the concept looks good on paper, but does not change much in the policies of the World Bank and the IMF.

UddannelserInternationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato27 maj 2015


  • Colombia
  • International Political Economy
  • IMF
  • World Bank
  • Sector
  • Liberaliation
  • Development
  • Agrarian
  • Good Governance
  • International