This thesis analyses attempts to approve a CDM district heating methodology. This is approached using a case study method, in order to deeply understand the problem and suggest solutions. This empirical analysis is backed by the theory of sustainability, applied to district heating and cooling technology. Data is collected from primary and secondary sources and expert interviews. The report includes chapters on district heating and cooling technology and CHP (combined heat and power) technology, including the benefits for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. A chapter on the Kyoto Protocol and associated problems is also included, both general and related to energy efficiency projects. Finally, a chapter on the case study is included, with an analysis of the reasons for lack of approval of a district heating methodology based on CHP, for CDM projects. Solutions to my research question, which is How can the approval process of energy efficiency CDM methodologies, specifically targeting CHP and district heating, be im- proved?, include: increased communication between the evaluators, the Executive Board and the project developers, more time and more funding to be devoted to the whole process, which may address the problems of lack of attention and thoroughness, clearer guidelines and more experience. General problems which affect the whole process can be solved by establishing a longer time frame for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, expanding the rules for forestry, encouraging the build up of experience with programmatic CDM with clear guidelines, using more full time paid staff. Ideas to be considered are also establishing a minimum standard definition for sustainability (this is currently defined by each country) to avoid a 'race to the bottom' and reconsidering the concept of additionality for projects with high sustainable development components.
|Uddannelser||TekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||4 okt. 2007|
|Vejledere||Jan Andersen & Rikke Lybæk|
- district heating
- Kyoto Protocol
- energy efficiency