The Call To Kill: A Discourse Analysis On Hutu Extremist Radio Broadcasts in the Early 1990s

Jacob Voetmann Melson & Emina Hanic

Studenteropgave: Basisprojekt


The overall purpose of this study is to examine the implications of the media discourse in constructing Tutsis as the enemy of Hutus. We have examined specific radio transcripts from the RTLM in the period leading up to and during the Rwandan genocide, specifically showing how the Tutsis and Hutus were dichotomized, and further how Tutsis were dehumanized to the extent that it was justifiable to kill them. These processes of dichotomization and dehumanization of Tutsis lead back to the historical context of Rwanda, as we explore the role of colonialist practice in reconstructing the Hutu and Tutsi identities. The development of Rwanda’s historical context in relation to our study draws heavily on the works of Prunier (2005), and Fujii (2009). Our findings show a clear use in the RTLM radio transmissions, of identity empowering propaganda, further distinguishing between the ‘evil’ Tutsi and the ‘good’ Hutu. Thus further emphasizing the ethnicity valued relationship in this whole situation, so as to clearly create a division between Tutsis and Hutus. Furthermore our findings show that many of the constructed identity struggles between Tutsis and Hutu were based on neo-traditions invented by Europeans.

UddannelserBasis - International Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Bachelor
Udgivelsesdato29 maj 2017
VejledereLene Bull Christiansen