Counter terrorism and its physical implementations in the modern cityscape, has be-come an increasingly important subject in recent years. After 9-11 much of the world erected hastily constructed and designed defenses in front of their monuments and government buildings, as a deterrent for would-be attackers. These installations were meant as a temporary feature and were never intended to stay in place for well over a decade. Bureaucratic red tape and a lack of will to fund the implementation of properly designed defense features, has hindered the development of integrated defenses. A change has been happening in recent years however. Many more actors than govern-ment officials have joined in the development, design, implementation and maintaining of defense features, and we are beginning to see attempts at integrated defense fea-tures in the cityscape.
This paper seeks to develop a set of ideal conditions under which defense features can be implemented in the cityscape, so that the defense features are actually functional in their purpose as defense features, while also not spreading more fear by virtue of their purpose. Through the use of Ricoeur’s critical hermeneutics we will initially es-tablish a normative ideal for defense features, based upon our basic understanding of the social realities of society. These ideals will continually be challenged through the paper, by our increasing understanding and knowledge of the complexities of counter terrorism and defense features. Our ideal will be based upon Jon Coaffee’s theories of modern defense design and urban resillience, and supported by Peter Marcuses theo-ries on responses to terrorism and security policies. The paper will primarily focus on a Danish counter terrorism context, based off of the implementation of, and the pro-cesses behind, defense features in Copenhagen.
In the conclusion of this paper, we will go through why the implementation of custom defense features based on the genus loci of the space of the installation, is of the ut-most importance. While many are clamouring for integrated defenses, our research implies that through thorough implementation and an integrated planning period, the results of the installation are best received by the public.
|Uddannelser||Basis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Bachelor|
|Vejledere||Ole Erik Hansen|
- Plan, By & Proces