Terrorbegrebets udvikling: The development of terrorism as a term

Anders Søndergaard Skovbakke, Matias Find & Mads Christiansen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

Since the attacks on the US on Sept. 11, 2001, the word "terror" has had a major impact on the Danish media and debates. In January 2015, the city of Paris was hit by several attacks, while in Copenhagen, we also saw the ugly face of terrorism. This caused a natural focus on the term “terror” and several solutions to solve the problem were presented. In light of this, this project exams how the understanding of the term has evolved in Denmark since 11 September 2001. In addition, the project also discusses the challenges that arise in the relationship between the definition of the term and its solutions. The project includes a methodological section, followed by a description of our epistemological standpoint. Next, the project explains our theory, and describes our analysis strategy. Finally, the project includes an analysis split into two parts, which is followed by a discussion, a conclusion and additional thoughts. The project uses a discourse analysis of the presenting speeches on Terrorpakke 1 and 2, presented to the Folketing by former Minister of Justice Lene Espersen in 2001 and 2006 respectively. Furthermore the former Government's proposal "Et stærkt værn mod terror" is also used to show how the understanding of the term has evolved through time. The three texts are selected as points of impact since they are all manufactured following terrorist attacks on Western soil. Methodically we have used qualitative approach and have limited us from using quantitative methods, since we do not feel our study lend themselves to be quantified. The point of philosophy of science in the project is the constructivist understanding, where all knowledge occurs through social structures in society, and our perceptions of reality thus comes through interpretations and understanding. The theoretical foundation is created from Ernesto Laclau & Chantelle Mouffe's discourse theory and used to analyze the terrorpakke 1 and 2 Et stærkt værn mod terror. Furthermore, the project discus the results obtained using Edgar Morin's thoughts about the complexity of modernity society and Carsten Bagge Laustsens assessment of the term of terrorism. The project concludes that the understanding of the term terrorism has not evolved significantly since the attacks on the US on 11 September 2001. This is because the project does not clearly see an evolution in the articulations of the term. Further, the project can conclude that the relationship between the term and its solutions are experiencing challenges 1 because of the different understandings that comes into play, respectively by Carsten Bagge Laustsen and Edgar Morin.

UddannelserPolitik og Administration, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato18 jan. 2016
VejledereAllan Dreyer Hansen

Emneord

  • Diskurs
  • Begreb
  • Morin
  • Laclau
  • Kompleksitet
  • Mouffe
  • Laustsen
  • Terror