Teori U - Forståelse af erkendelsesprocesser

Mille Dørge, Cecilie Bang-Jensen, Camilla Maike Juul Jensen, Mathias Kahlen, Cathrine Hvalsøe Petersen & Malte Dalsgaard Vilain

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

The focus of this paper is on epistemology in Otto Scharmer’s Theory U, Phenomenology and Hermeneutics. The paper will give an account of the U process and the importance of realising and changing habitual thinking in order to be able to start sensing and thereby being able to reach the presencing stage, where the human being should be able to connect to a deeper source of self as described by Scharmer. The aim of this paper is to examine different approaches to epistemology to find out if Scharmer’s theory describes a new way of cognition, and to determine whether or not Theory U stands out compared to well-known science studies. This paper concerns the usefulness of Scharmer’s theory. The scope of the project includes two science studies: Hermeneutics and Phenomenology. Like Theory U, both of these science studies focus on the human being and the process of interpreting and acquiring knowledge and understanding. Therefore they are useful for this project in order to help illuminate the cognitive process of Theory U. Additionally Scharmer mentions his use of phenomenological method, thus it is relevant for this project to look deeper into this method in order to obtain a better understanding of the U process and to be able to consider if Scharmer’s theory really is original. Furthermore the scope includes only the left side and the bottom of the U process, because it is here Scharmer apparently is the most innovative and here the theory focuses on different stages of cognitive development. Therefore this part of the U process is the most relevant for the focus of this project. The method of this paper is comparative analysis. This method is useful to understand and explain the process Theory U describes by comparing Theory U with Phenomenology and Hermeneutics respectively in order to discover similarities and differences. This analysis also helps clarifying, which parts of the U process might be innovative and creative. The results of the analysis show that Theory U, Phenomenology and Hermeneutics share many epistemological similarities. A fundamental element of the three theories is the importance of openness for the human being in order to reach new understanding. The conclusion of this project shows that Theory U has similarities to Hermeneutics and especially Phenomenology. But the similarities are mainly in the process of the three theories while Theory U stands out by having a very different purpose of the cognitive process. The focus of this paper is on epistemology in Otto Scharmer’s Theory U, Phenomenology and Hermeneutics. The paper will give an account of the U process and the importance of realising and changing habitual thinking in order to be able to start sensing and thereby being able to reach the presencing stage, where the human being should be able to connect to a deeper source of self as described by Scharmer. The aim of this paper is to examine different approaches to epistemology to find out if Scharmer’s theory describes a new way of cognition, and to determine whether or not Theory U stands out compared to well-known science studies. This paper concerns the usefulness of Scharmer’s theory. The scope of the project includes two science studies: Hermeneutics and Phenomenology. Like Theory U, both of these science studies focus on the human being and the process of interpreting and acquiring knowledge and understanding. Therefore they are useful for this project in order to help illuminate the cognitive process of Theory U. Additionally Scharmer mentions his use of phenomenological method, thus it is relevant for this project to look deeper into this method in order to obtain a better understanding of the U process and to be able to consider if Scharmer’s theory really is original. Furthermore the scope includes only the left side and the bottom of the U process, because it is here Scharmer apparently is the most innovative and here the theory focuses on different stages of cognitive development. Therefore this part of the U process is the most relevant for the focus of this project. The method of this paper is comparative analysis. This method is useful to understand and explain the process Theory U describes by comparing Theory U with Phenomenology and Hermeneutics respectively in order to discover similarities and differences. This analysis also helps clarifying, which parts of the U process might be innovative and creative. The results of the analysis show that Theory U, Phenomenology and Hermeneutics share many epistemological similarities. A fundamental element of the three theories is the importance of openness for the human being in order to reach new understanding. The conclusion of this project shows that Theory U has similarities to Hermeneutics and especially Phenomenology. But the similarities are mainly in the process of the three theories while Theory U stands out by having a very different purpose of the cognitive process.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato16 jan. 2012
VejledereLars Petersen

Emneord

  • Husserl
  • Videnskabsteori
  • Erkendelse
  • Intuition
  • Theory U
  • Gadamer
  • Heidegger
  • Otto Scharmer
  • Hermeneutik
  • Epistemologi
  • Teori U
  • Presencing
  • Fænomenologi