Synonymers semantik: grim, hæslig, ulækker og klam

Frederikke Engberg Larsen, Nanna Dandanell Møller, Ida Kragh Pedersen & Mia Dyrum Hansen

Studenteropgave: Bachelorprojekt

Abstrakt

This paper examines the semantic meaning of the four negative ethno-aesthetic adjectives grim, hæslig, ulækker and klam. These words are all frequent in the everyday discourse of the Danish language, and from a perspective of meaning they can be difficult to distinguish from each other. Therefore, through the method of NSM semantics, each of the words are explored and explicated. Taking polysemy into account, this paper provides analyses of the words in the ‘something’-frame and the ‘someone’-frame. Based on evidence from a corpus tool and two semantic consultations, we discover that among the four words there are significant differences within intensity, what kind of emotions they are connected to, and how long these last. Conclusively, this paper argues that the concept of synonyms is imprecise and requires supplementing from semantic explications in order to deliver adequate descriptions of words without simply referring to other words and thereby avoid circular definitions.

UddannelserDansk, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato24 maj 2019
Antal sider43
VejledereCarsten Levisen

Emneord

  • Synonymer
  • NSM
  • Eksplikere
  • Dansk
  • Semantik