Abstract Health as a term is defined variously, and the way we perceive health is subjective. In the pursuit of understanding how health is perceived according to context we choose to investigate this in the extreme context of a prison. We wish to elucidate how the inmate in an open Danish prison, with reference to its personal lifeworld, perceives health according to the context of which the inmate is located. By using a phenomenographic approach we take it upon us to investigate health as a phenomenon, based on three inmates descriptions of their lifeworld. As health is articulated according to the individual we focus our research on the subjective experience of health. We research how the life conditions of an open Danish prison has influence on the three inmates perspective of health, and thereby how the perspective of health is affected by the context. In the spring of 2015 we conduct individual interviews with three inmates of Moegelkaer State Prison situated in Jutland, Denmark. The audio recorded interviews was transcribed to text pending analysis. Meaning condensation developed by Giorgi, and described by Kvale and Brinkmann in Interviews, was used as the method of analysis. Subsequently quotations related to specific topics originating from the meaning condensation, was textually analysed by the use of ‘the open health concept’ as defined by professor Steen Wackerhausen. We find that health as a concept is not articulated as a simplified and clear phenomenon. Our three inmates find it difficult to be concrete and define health for themselves. When health is explicated it is thereby done on the basis of a subjectiveness, articulating health primarily as an individual concept. In spite of living in the same extreme context, we observe major differences in how the three persons articulate health. We also observe differences in how the inmates prioritises health aspects according the sequence of articulation. One inmate primarily articulates intellectual health, as the other two prioritises physical health - being fit. We also observe a difference in whether the inmates think of health as only being a personal matter or reflect upon this on behalf of other people as well. Parallel to the differences in health perspective we also observe some similarities for the three inmates. They all agree that exercise and diet is important for your health, and that there can be several physical and psychological benefits of these to aspects. In conclusion we find that health is perceived subjectively and is influenced by your conditions of life.
|Uddannelser||Sundhedsfremme og Sundhedsstrategier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||23 jun. 2015|